7:19- While the words "everywhere" (and later in verse 21- "all creatures...on earth") indicate a universal flood, belief now trends towards the concept that the "flood" was probably a local event. As referenced in a post, "Beyond the Bible: Creation & the Flood
", the literal interpretation of every section of the Bible is a fairly new trend. Thus, one is most definitely NOT required to believe in the universal flood that covered the entire world in order to be a Christian.
Others, though, still believe in a universal flood. The thrust of the argument is that if God's covenant only referenced a local flood, then He has broken it (obviously) thousands of times since as there have been many, many, many floods continuing unto the present day.
I'm going to be fairly blunt- the sects that believe that there was a universal flood often claim Noah had dinosaurs on board with him. A brief scan of high-ranking sites (that was what was sad-scary part...that they ranked high on Google search results) revealed that "flood sediment" had proven this, and also mentioned that dragons existed at the time. While I, not being a first-hand witness, cannot 100% disprove a universal flood, I believe God gave us intelligence and various ways of transmitting stories and beliefs. Noah may very well have existed. His ark and animals and the flood may very well have occurred. In fact, I would find that amazing! But if it occurred, it was a localized event. And dinosaurs were not on the ark. Sorry, they weren't. Millions of years separated man and dinosaurs.
*Will not be an "Additional Notes & Discussion" on Chapter 7 as most of the discussion surrounds the flood. The above paragraph sums up my view.
As Pope Francis is Time'
s Person of the Year and due to the fact that I highly respect him, I've decided to share some of his words with everyone.
"If a person is gay and seeks the Lord and has good will, well who am I to judge them?"
"Women are asking deep questions that must be addressed. The church cannot be herself without the woman and her role. The woman is essential for the church. Mary, a woman, is more important than the bishops."
"How can it be that it is not a news item when an elderly homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses two points?"
“To love God and neighbor is not something abstract, but profoundly concrete: it means seeing in every person and face of the Lord to be served, to serve him concretely. And you are, dear brothers and sisters, in the face of Jesus.”
I've also included a link to his Apostolic Exhortation. (I've left the URL unmasked in case the link doesn't work for you...then you can just cut and paste!). The PDF document is also available at /beyond-the-bible.htmlhttp://www.vatican.va/holy_father/francesco/apost_exhortations/documents/papa-francesco_esortazione-ap_20131124_evangelii-gaudium_en.pdf
1 When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem,
2 saying, "Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his star at its rising and have come to do him homage."
3 When King Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.
4 Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born.
5 They said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet:
6 'And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; since from you shall come a ruler, who is to shepherd my people Israel.'"
7 Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star's appearance.
8 He sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and search diligently for the child. When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage."
9 After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them, until it came and stopped over the place where the child was.
10 They were overjoyed at seeing the star,
11 and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
12 And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way.
13 When they had departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, "Rise, take the child and his mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you. Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him."
14 Joseph rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed for Egypt.
15 He stayed there until the death of Herod, that what the Lord had said through the prophet might be fulfilled, "Out of Egypt I called my son."
16 When Herod realized that he had been deceived by the magi, he became furious. He ordered the massacre of all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had ascertained from the magi.
17 Then was fulfilled what had been said through Jeremiah the prophet:
18 "A voice was heard in Ramah, sobbing and loud lamentation; Rachel weeping for her children, and she would not be consoled, since they were no more."
19 When Herod had died, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt
20 and said, "Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead."
21 He rose, took the child and his mother, and went to the land of Israel.
22 But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go back there. And because he had been warned in a dream, he departed for the region of Galilee.
23 He went and dwelt in a town called Nazareth, so that what had been spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled, "He shall be called a Nazorean."
Let us start with the fairly blunt fact- not accepted by some- that the literal interpretation of the Bible in all aspects in a fairly new trend. In the last two centuries, this trend has come to the point that people are believing myths that weren't believed by the most primitive people (judging society by its level of technological advancement). Two stories of particular contention are (of course) Genesis itself and the Flood.
Much better scholars than I have studied creation stories, their links to each other, and how earlier generations interpreted them. I strongly suggest starting with Karen Armstrong: "The Case for God," "The History of God," and "The Battle for God." The "Archaeological Study Bible," while not my favorite Bible for actual reading, has great supplemental material, among it small articles on ancient creation narratives and ancient flood narratives.
Briefly, all early civilizations- not surprisingly- have creation myths. It seems to be a universal human need to attempt to explain the world around us, including its beginnings. These stories were adjusted as needed and seem to have been used by people much like parables- a tool to teach a particular point. They were not studied as if they were history books.
Many early creation myths involve one superior God who appears after either a succession of earlier, less important, less majestic gods -or- one who shows his greatness by defeating some great enemy (such as Leviathan). Earth itself and humanity often arises from either a vast void of nothing or a great muck of mud/dirt/clay. The story in the Christian Bible resembles very closely the early Mesopotamian myths (Sumer being the first 'civilization' as defined by many historians, me among them). Early Mesopotamian accounts also include a flood narrative. (As do some accounts from the New World...who were NOT in contact with the Middle East).
Summary: it is everyone's prerogative to believe what they wish. God gives us free will. My thinking is that before one attempts to limit what someone else can study (such as banning the teaching of the theory of evolution from schools), one should make sure they are an expert on said topic. And then they should pray and ask if it is really God's will for them to control someone else's will and thoughts. Let His will be done.
1:17 Since Matthew specifically emphasizes that each section has fourteen, it is unlikely that that the thirteen of the last was due to his oversight. While some theorize that Jesus counts for two, it is more likely that this slip is the fault of a later scribe.
1:18 A Jewish betrothal was considered a binding pledge- much more so than we view it today- that was legal and only breakable by divorce. However, sexual relations were not to occur during this time.
1:19 As the betrothal was considered as binding as marriage, her pregnancy would be viewed as adultery, the penalty for which was death. Joseph, wishing to spare Mary this fate, but also maintain his dignity/righteousness, planned a quiet divorce.
1:25 This verse is cited by many Protestants as proof that Mary was not a perpetual virgin. One should note that the word "until" does not imply nor exclude "relations" after the birth of Jesus. I take no stand on the matter and believe there are more important things to focus on than the bed of Joseph and Mary.
While I normally do a second post with additional discussion, specifically common misunderstandings and difficulties in understand, I am going to skip it for this chapter. The main arguments surround the genealogy and Mary's perpetual virginity. In my humble opinion, let us go feed the hungry, help the poor, and heal the sick...then argue about these issues.
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
2 Abraham became the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers.
3 Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar. Perez became the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram,
4 Ram the father of Amminadab. Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, Nahshon the father of Salmon,
5 Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab. Boaz became the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth. Obed became the father of Jesse,
6 Jesse the father of David the king. David became the father of Solomon, whose mother had been the wife of Uriah.
7 Solomon became the father of Rehoboam, Rehoboam the father of Abijah, Abijah the father of Asaph.
8 Asaph became the father of Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, Joram the father of Uzziah.
9 Uzziah became the father of Jotham, Jotham the father of Ahaz, Ahaz the father of Hezekiah.
10 Hezekiah became the father of Manasseh, Manasseh the father of Amos, Amos the father of Josiah.
11 Josiah became the father of Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the Babylonian exile.
12 After the Babylonian exile, Jechoniah became the father of Shealtiel, Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel,
13 Zerubbabel the father of Abiud. Abiud became the father of Eliakim, Eliakim the father of Azor,
14 Azor the father of Zadok. Zadok became the father of Achim, Achim the father of Eliud,
15 Eliud the father of Eleazar. Eleazar became the father of Matthan, Matthan the father of Jacob,
16 Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary. Of her was born Jesus who is called the Messiah.
17 Thus the total number of generations from Abraham to David is fourteen generations; from David to the Babylonian exile, fourteen generations; from the Babylonian exile to the Messiah, fourteen generations.
18 Now this is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about. When his mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found with child through the holy Spirit.
19 Joseph her husband, since he was a righteous man, yet unwilling to expose her to shame, decided to divorce her quietly.
20 Such was his intention when, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife into your home. For it is through the holy Spirit that this child has been conceived in her.
21 She will bear a son and you are to name him Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins."
22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:
23 "Behold, the virgin shall be with child and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel," which means "God is with us."
24 When Joseph awoke, he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took his wife into his home.
25 He had no relations with her until she bore a son, and he named him Jesus.
I. Jesus' Childhood (1-2)
II. The Beginnings of Jesus' Ministry (3:1-4:11)
A. John the Baptist (3)
B. The Temptation (4:1-11)
III. Jesus' Ministry in Galilee (4:12-14:12)
A. His Early Ministry (4:12-25)
B. The Sermon on the Mount (5-7)
C. Miracles (8-9)
D. Ministry (10:1-14:12)
IV. Ministry in Other Areas (14:13-17:21)
V. Jesus Returns to Galilee (17:22-18:35)
VI. Jesus' Ministry in Judea and Perea (19-20)
VII. Passion Week (21-27)
A. The Triumphal Entry (21:1-11)
B. The Cleansing of the Temple (21:12-17)
C. Questions from the Jewish Leaders (21:18-23:39)
D. The Olivet Discourse (24-25)
E. The Anointing of Jesus' Feet (26:1-13)
F. The Arrest, Trials, and Death of Jesus (26:14-27:66)
VIII. The Resurrection (28)
Yay! I'm back! Finally finished with school (with the exception of one course I'm starting in January). I'm thrilled to be hopping back into my Bible study. I'm going to be working on the New Testament as well as the Old Testament in future posts.
As you may have noticed, it has been quite awhile since my last post.
I'm taking a break from working on this website.
While my Bible study is important to me, I am also busy working on my (double) bachelor's and two other websites!
I will be back someday...probably later this year, but at the latest in 2014. I'll finish school in Dec. 2013, so will have some time next year (hopefully!).
Anyway, enjoy what content is here.
1 Then the Lord said to Noah: "Go into the ark, you and all your household, for you alone in this age have I found to be truly just.
2 Of every clean animal, take with you seven pairs, a male and its mate; and of the unclean animals, one pair, a male and its mate;
3 likewise, of every clean bird of the air, seven pairs, a male and a female, and of all the unclean birds, one pair, a male and a female. Thus you will keep their issue alive over all the earth.
4 Seven days from now I will bring rain down on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and so I will wipe out from the surface of the earth every moving creature that I have made."
5 Noah did just as the Lord had commanded him.
6 Noah was six hundred years old when the flood waters came upon the earth.
7 Together with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, Noah went into the ark because of the waters of the flood.
8 Of the clean animals and the unclean, of the birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground,
9 [two by two] male and female entered the ark with Noah, just as the Lord had commanded him.
10 As soon as the seven days were over, the waters of the flood came upon the earth.
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month: it was on that day that
'All the fountains of the great abyss burst forth,
and the floodgates of the sky were opened.'
12 For forty days and forty nights heavy rain poured down on the earth.
13 On the precise day named, Noah and his sons Shem, Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of Noah's sons had entered the ark,
14 together with every kind of wild beast, every kind of domestic animal, every kind of creeping thing of the earth, and every kind of bird.
15 Pairs of all creatures in which there was the breath of life entered the ark with Noah.
16 Those that entered were male and female, and of all species they came, as God had commanded Noah. Then the Lord shut him in.
17 The flood continued upon the earth for forty days. As the waters increased, they lifted the ark, so that it rose above the earth.
18 The swelling waters increased greatly, but the ark floated on the surface of the waters.
19 Higher and higher above the earth rose the waters, until all the highest mountains everywhere were submerged,
20 the crest rising fifteen cubits higher than the submerged mountains.
21 All creatures that stirred on earth perished: birds, cattle, wild animals, and all that swarmed on the earth, as well as all mankind.
22 Everything on dry land with the faintest breath of life in its nostrils died out.
23 The Lord wiped out every living thing on earth: man and cattle, the creeping things and the birds of the air; all were wiped out from the earth. Only Noah and those with him in the ark were left.