11:2 'the works of the Messiah'/ striking phrase created by Matthew turns the debate into one of Messiahship, while it originally might have been one of whether or not he was a divine prophet.
11:3 "John the Baptist had already, on several occasions, declared that Jesus was the Messias. (John i). He could not then doubt of it himself, but sent his disciples to take away their doubt. (Witham)" (Haydock, MT 11:3).
11:5-6 Jesus' response fulfills (and is taken from) the passages of Isaiah.
11:7-19 While Jesus rebukes John, he also reminds all of the greatness of John the Baptist's function.
11:9-10 Common Jewish belief held that there had been no prophet since Malachi, but the coming of a new prophet was eagerly awaited. Because Mal 3:1 & Ex 23:20 both indicate that this prophet was the messenger who would proceed the one who would bring the final age.
11:12 'violent ones take it by a force'/ a puzzling saying over which meaning is disputed. Oddly enough, if you read it with modern eyes, it sounds as if Jesus is talking to us.
11:13 Matthew inverts the normal order and says "prophets and the law" emphasizing the important of the prophetic passages of the law (and "its fulfillment in the teaching of Jesus and to the transitory nature of some of its commandments" (Catholic Book Publishing).
11:14-15 While there were multiple (confusing) notations on these verses, this is the one I found most understandable: "John is here styled Elias, not in the same manner as those who taught the transmigration of souls; but the meaning is, that the precursor came in the spirit and virtue of Elias, and had the same fulness of the Holy Ghost...(St. Jerome in St. Thomas Aquinas)" Haydock, 11:14.
11:16-19 Difficult parable with much dispute about its meaning.
11:19 'Wisdom is vindicated by her works' is sometimes translated as 'Wisdom is justified by her children'
11:21 Tyre, Sidon: pagan cities denounced for wickedness in OT.
11:25-26 This same sentiment (words similar, probably drawn from Q) is also expressed in Lk 10:21-22.
11:27 This verse is vital and is expressed in Lk also. If authentic, as it may well be, it would give us a most important clue to Jesus' self-understanding as absolute Son of the absolute Father (Brown et al., p.653).
11:28-29 These verses are only in Matthew in NT, and are similar to Sirach 51:23-26.
11:29 Jesus clearly states to take the yoke of following his word instead of the yoke of the law.