The Sermon on the Mount covers Chapters 5 through 7, and is one of the five major discourses that are the bulk of Matthew. We see three major themes in these chapters.
I. The teaching about the law and the teaching for a new age. Some read the section to mean that all should follow Jewish laws until the end of days. But further reading indicates this is not so.
Due to the multiple positions/understandings of this topic, it will be covered much more thoroughly under the "Bible Questions" section, specifically answering the questions of if the 10 Commandments still apply to Christians today.
II. Proper action, attitude, and motives. A second major theme of this section is the supreme law of law expressed in committed action. Aka- we are to not only love, but it must be expressed in action, not just felt. This is as applicable today as it was then. Conversely, we see giving, praying, and fasting be done: but to be done with love and with the right attitude.
III. Guide for living. A third theme of this section (related to the above theme) is that it is a guideline for living. It is not a strict ruling of impossible ideals which we cannot fulfill, but teachings that we should strive towards. No simple set of rules, but rather an attitude/outlook towards life which should transform us.
Jennifer Becker Landsberger
Who am I? Freelance writer (magazines, websites, & copywriting), Catholic, military wife, and Mensan. Double Bachelor's in History & Psychology.
Witnessing by charity and love are above all. Studying the Bible and beyond helps me on this quest. Feel free to join my walk into the Bible.
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~~~Prayer before Writing-
Oh creator of the universe, who has set the stars in the heavens and causes the sun to rise and set, shed the light of your wisdom into the darkness of my mind. Fill my thoughts with a loving knowledge of you, that I may bring you like to others. Just as you can make even babies speak your truth, instruct my tongue and guide my pen to convey the wonderful glory of the Gospel. Make my intellect sharp, my memory clear, and my words eloquent, so that I may faithfully interpret the mysteries what you have revealed.
To my readers & fellow writers,
1. I will pray that God's grace helps illuminate all of our interactions- both those of simple reading and more active conversations.
2. I will communicate with you respectfully and civilly. These are (rightly) issues which we feel passionate about. But even in disagreements, I will respect you fellow "seekers of truth."
3. I will not fall into negative behavior or words, such as insinuations, exaggerations, blames, or personal attacks. I respectfully ask you to do the same.
4. I will pray we will all find the truth and strive to fulfill the two greatest commandments: "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these." (Mark 12:30-31)
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Sites I Recommend
Biblical Evidence for Catholicism by Dave Armstrong